Chemical engineering is an engineering discipline which innovates and advances process technologies such as chemical, energy, and petroleum industries. In the broadest sense, chemical engineers plan, design, and maintain physical and chemical processes to synthesize, transform, and transport materials, from the laboratory experimental studies to the actual operation of the technology in large-scale production.
Chemical engineers are highly sought after due to the increasing number of industries that rely on the production and processing of materials and chemicals. There are also growing career paths in the pharmaceutical, medical, environmental engineering, biotechnology, and electronic industries. The intensive training of the chemical engineers becomes vital in these fields, especially in operations and processes that include conversion of matter.
As example, chemical engineers handling chemical industries may investigate the formation of new materials with important mechanical, chemical, electrical, and optical properties. The process formulation is not only limited to the sole synthesis of the materials but also to the flow and design of processes essential to create the final product. In pharmaceutical industries, chemical engineers contribute by conceptualizing and designing production facilities that utilize enzymes and cells in the synthesis of new medicine. In petroleum processing and production, chemical engineers design processes that maximize energy consumption efficiency and achieve higher product purity. In environmental engineering, chemical engineers engage to develop operations such as catalytic converters and wastewater treatment facilities to minimize the release of harmful pollutants to the environment.
To perform these responsibilities, the chemical engineer should have a comprehensive and complete understanding of the scientific and engineering principles governing these technologies. This can be achieved in the curriculum of the B.S. Chemical Engineering, which includes the study of core courses such as thermodynamics, momentum, heat, and mass transfer, fluid mechanics, chemical reaction kinetics and reactor engineering, separation technologies, applied mathematics, material and energy balances, and process design, control, and optimization. These subjects are rooted in the basic sciences of mathematics, chemistry, physics, and biology.